Basic Components of a Solar PV System

Basic Components of a Solar PV System

It’s physics class all over again! You may not give a hoot about black holes or Big Bang or how many lightyears away Icarus is from the earth, but still be curious about what constitutes your solar PV system. Well, here are its components –

1.    Solar Panels – The hands and heart of the Solar PV System

  Let’s begin by introducing none but the protagonist itself. Solar Panels are the action-ground for photovoltaic effect. Think of these as open hands collecting the riches of sunlight to transform its energy into electricity. While solar cells which are chiefly composed of Silicon make up the crux of solar panels, metal conductor strips and anti-reflective coating constitute the rest of their frame.

2.    Mounting equipment – The legs of Solar PV system

Mounting equipment is what holds your solar panels in place. Its importance can be understood by the fact that the efficacy of your solar PV system is heavily influenced by how ‘sun-facing’ it is. Also, remember that these ‘legs’ of the solar PV system need to stand a lot – over 20 – 25 years. Thus, stronger the mounting system is, better the thought and care that have been put into its installing, better will your solar PV system function.

3.    DC to AC Inverter – The Brain of Solar PV system

The energy generated by your solar panels is pretty useless if not for the inverter. You see, it is the inverter that converts the Direct Current that solar panels produce into Alternating Current, the only form of a current which regular electrical appliances can function in.

4.    Disconnect Switches – The safety valve of Solar PV

These are installed such that they are within your hand’s reach and are intended to be used to shut the system down in case of any discrepancy – just the never-out-of-fashion safety precaution!

5.    Meter – The measuring rod of Solar PV System

Expect another meter to be added to your previous one when you go solar. Together, the two meters, or rather the conjunction of both, will measure how much solar power your system produces, how much is utilized and how much is fed into the conventional grid.

6.    Wiring and fuse box – The nervous system of Solar PV

The minor hardware constituents of wiring and fuse box accomplish the actual act of transporting electrical energy throughout. Yes, it involves much labour in ensuring that the wiring is impeccable.

As evident from our simplified, mind you, a much-simplified, outline of the components of the solar PV system, a lot depends on how well the system is installed. This is where the role of a trusted solar company comes into play. At Minus CO2, we leave no stone unturned in ensuring that each solar PV system we install functions at its best. After all, isn’t this what we aim for – being the other name for trust in the upcoming solar-powered world.